Nursing practice may often involve taking care of people with autistic spectrum of disorders. Autism is a wide variety of disorders that cause a wide range of disabilities. The degree to which an autistic person needs nursing care is dependent on the degree to which the autistic disorder has affected function. Secondly and most importantly, there are different nursing therapies that can be used to improve motor and neural function in autistic children, one of them being Art therapy. As such, nursing master’s students, university nursing students, and college nursing students may need someone to help with nursing paper on this topic online. The following is a writer’s view of Art therapy for autistic children.
Art therapy is an expressive therapy that utilizes the creative process of art making to improve a patient’s physical, emotional, and mental state. This therapy is established on the notion that personal expression helps individuals resolve their personal problems, develop interrelation skills, attain insight, and minimize stress. In application, art therapists can use either interactive or structured sessions depending on the patient’s condition. Autism is a neurobiological disorder that attacks children, especially during the first three years of their lives (Evans, & Dubowski, 2001). It affects their communication skills, cognition abilities, and social skills. Symptoms of autism include: compulsive behavior, social impairment, and repetitive tendencies among others. Currently, there are about 472,000 children that have autism in Turkey prompting the introduction and the implementation of art therapy to improve the children’s mental and emotional growth (Martin, 2009). In addition, art therapy helps autistic children develop life skills, deal with problematic behaviors, as well as make excellent health decisions. This paper will research art therapy on children with autism giving examples on Turkish children.
Art therapy is the best approach and therapy to use on autistic children because it helps such children develop non-verbal communication skills and patterns. Unlike other therapies, art therapists can freely utilize expressive therapies such as performing arts and traditional form of art like drawing and painting because autistic children respond perfectly to visual expressions.
Children with autism tend to have difficulty processing sensory input, hence, art therapy helps them respond to non-verbal signs or symbols because they easily relate to visual information and autistic children have an advanced visual prowess (Martin, 2009). Art therapy utilizes aspects of expression to help autistic children relate and communicate with other people based on interpersonal approaches such as hand signs. This therapy is established based on the therapist’s creativity to help the autistic child enhance his or her social interaction skills. However, in order for the art therapist to choose the best approach to use, assessing the child’s developmental level is paramount. This is done in order to ensure that the therapist does not adopt therapeutic measures and strategies that are too complex for the autistic child to comprehend and learn (Evans, & Dubowski, 2001). Medical researchers in the United States have noted that children with autism do not voluntarily isolate themselves from the rest because they want to make sense of their immediate world around them based on either their over or under stimulated sensory channels. With this in mind, art therapists need to establish a long-term therapeutic relationship with the autistic child so that there is harmony and progress. The best therapeutic approach for children with autism is a one-on-one session because there are no interruptions and, with time, the child will exhibit an improved ability to imagine, think, and be creative. Moreover, the child will also develop the capability to respond to facial expressions and enhance their sensory and motor skills (Evans, & Dubowski, 2001).
Since autism impairs communication, art therapy stands out from other forms of therapy because it exposes autistic children to diverse ways of expressing themselves. For example, children can voice their opinions using art materials such as crayons, chalk, or pencils. The dynamics of art allows autistic children to express themselves without using words. A recent research conducted by the American Art Therapy Association showed that children with autism are visual thinkers because their personal world is pictorial (Evans, & Dubowski, 2001). This means that they best express their emotions, thoughts, and feelings through images. During art therapy sessions it is important for the therapist to have a structured session, whereby there is a beginning, middle, and end session which enables the autistic child to understand the time frame and boundaries (Martin, 2009). Such a time framework allows the therapist to allocate the different types of treatment to use on the child. For instance, the beginning sessions might deal with communication, while the middle one deals with socialization, and the end session deals with imagination. Undertaking such a therapy routine on a daily basis helps children with autism develop confidence and self-esteem. It is also important for art therapists to ensure that each session has a specific theme so that autistic children can focus on specific methods, while at the same time giving room for change and flexibility of communication behavior (Evans, & Dubowski, 2001). Art making can be an influential approach in establishing relations with other “normal” children. This is achieved through trust, cooperation, and respect towards children with autism because they always have a contradicting perspective of life. For instance, art therapist should always check their patient’s artwork to understand their view of the world and life around them so as to establish better treatment methods and detect the mental and emotional state of the autistic child (Martin, 2009).
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Located in the Middle East, Turkey is among the world’s emerging economies. However, its population suffers from ignorance because they are unaware of autism, with some Turkish sociologists suggesting that people with autism are atheists because of lack of a section for faith in their brains (Amin, 2009). Due to such allegations from medical professionals, autism is a prevailing mental condition in most parts of the country such as Istanbul and Ankara. Despite ignoring autistic children, the Turkish government does not recognize such children because the country does not have the necessary facilities and equipment to provide the appropriate educational support. In addition, the Turkish education system does not have the suitable learning centers and the teachers cannot provide the required high quality education therapy for such children. Researchers undertook an autism analysis in the United States and noted that 1 in every 88 children had autism, while in Turkey the figure was low, but autistic children in the latter nation received quality education and healthcare (Amin, 2009). The situation is deplorable because the only available centers for children with autism is in Istanbul and Ankara and the teachers only offer 8hours per month to teach the children. Negligence is the main contributor to poor services and awareness of autistic children in Turkey because parents with such children are forced to cater for all their needs even though they pay tax (Amin, 2009). Luckily, with the growing number of autistic children in the nation, the government has formed the Society for the Protection and Guidance of Autistic Children, which will handle all the problems facing autistic children. Moreover, the Society aims to sensitize the Turkish people of autism and conduct early diagnosis to all children below five years (Amin, 2009).
In conclusion, art therapy has helped millions of autism patients, especially children, develop the necessary life skills to relate and live among “normal” people without fear of rejection or intimidation. It has served as a survival therapy for children with autism to look forward for a bright future. As observed you can buy nursing essay on nursing therapies for autistic children online.
Amin, S. M. (2009). Understanding Turkish-American families with children with autism: An informational website for mental health professionals in the United States.
Evans, K., & Dubowski, J. K. (2001). Art therapy with children on the autistic spectrum: Beyond words. London: Kingsley.
Martin, N. (2009). Art as an early intervention tool for children with autism. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.