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Pan Arabism

Published under category: Sample Essays | 2015-05-05 05:17:23 UTC

Context: Pan Arabism

Quite often, students from Asian countries studying in the west find themselves in the need of writing papers on their culture. This is where custom writing services become useful for students who find English a problem. Apart from the language, it is necessary that a research paper or an essay conform to western education standards, which foreign students might find difficult to attain. Assignment writing website such as writingspro is you friend in assisting you to achieve your dream grade. This research paper on pan Arabism is an example. Arab nationalism began after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, of which the Arabs were a component. The rule under Ottoman Empire had bred a sense of universalism that drove the Arabs to view themselves in terms of one people joined by language, religion and culture. They viewed their existence as transcending beyond the geographical boundaries that had been created. They, therefore, wished to establish one unified Arab state that derived from their universalism. Universalism had been nurtured by the four decades in which they had been under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. Arabs were committed to nationalism as a result of sharing the same history. Arab nationalism was driven by the Arab scholars that emerged after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Scholars that hatched the idea were mostly in exile, in foreign lands in Europe. They included intellectual like Shakib Arslan, Neguib Azoury and Michel Aflaq who had conceived the idea of a Baath party that would unite and rule all the Arabs. The ideas for the formation of a unified Arab state that were advanced by these scholars centered on the need for Arab distinction and rivalry against the civilization patterns that were being experienced in the world. After the colonial years by the British and the French, there were great anticolonial sentiments by the Arab states that arose out of a sense of betrayal by the west. The mandate years were characterized by policies that were viewed as being anti-Arab. The Arabs, therefore, needed to forge a unified front that would oppose the western ideas. This led to the Balfour Declaration and Picot agreement that was a sign of a strong bond of unity among publicists, officials, and officers who shared the same anti-western sentiments. A key driver of the Arab unity was the Egyptian leader, Gamel Abdel Nasser. Nasser is remembered not for the achievements in his own country, but for his philosophy on Pan-Arabism. Nasser wanted a unified Arab nation as this would help in championing their policies, as opposed to the Western policies, which were seen as impositions. The drive for Arab nationalism was particularly driven by the 1948 Palestinian defeat that was seen by the Arabs as a loss of the whole Arab world. Several Arab states came together to form an alliance that would wage war on Israel to reclaim the pride and integrity that had been lost in the Palestinian defeat. The alliance was formed among non-oil producing Arab nations. The alliance got involved in the 1967 war against Israel that resulted in an embarrassing defeat of the Arabs (Ajami, 1978). After the 1967 war, which is popularly known as the Six Day War, the resolve for a unified nation was strengthened. The charismatic Nasser, who was seen as the savior of Pan-Arabism, reached out to all Arab nations that included Saudi Arabia. The Saudi Arabia and the Jordanian monarchs had been political rivals of Nasser. Nasser carried a burden of proof hence was committed to the realization of Pan-Arabism single nation that would champion the affairs of the Arabs. Nasser, however, died before his dreams were achieved. Anwar Sadat rose to the leadership of Egypt to replace him. Sadat was seen as an Egyptian state leader rather than a unified Arab leader. This paved the way for a new leader who seemed committed to the realization of Nasser’s dreams, who was known as Muammar Qaddafi of Libya. Qaddafi was determined to realize the dream of a united African nation. Qaddafi’s appeal, however, came to an end when Sadat broke the military stalemate by engaging in the October, 1973 war (Ajami, 1978). Since then, most Arab countries concentrated on strengthening their own statehood. The dream of Pan-Arabism is yet to be achieved. ORDER PLAGIARISM FREE PAPER


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