Research paper on Antebellum Reform Period

Published under category: Ordering Custom Papers | 2015-05-19 11:40:56 UTC

Context: The Great awakening

The antebellum reform period (1820-1865) was characterized by several reform movements that offered a number of pathways intended at impacting reforms in individuals, groups, and the society and among these was the Second Great Awakening (1820-1840). The Second Great Awakening supported mass democratic expression and emphasized on self-reliance, self- improvement and self-determination. Charles Finney, a traveling preacher and national celebrity, was the leader of this movement in the US who preached the appealing message of free will. The other movement was the utopian societies which comprised of 100 reform communities that sought to counter the effects of market revolution and were prompted by both the democratization of religion and the emphasis on individual. The Shakers founded by Mother Ann Lee and the Onieda founded by John Humphrey Noyes were among the popular Utopian societies. Mormons, who originated from New York’s “Burned-over district” and was led by Joseph Smith, were notable figures in the religious reform and western expansion movement during the antebellum period. Religious reform during the age of the individual was an outgrowth of and a response to the market revolution and was characterized by the mass movements during the age of mass democracy. Religious reform focused on the individual and was the root of many of the reforms experienced during the antebellum era. Seneca Falls Convention was the other reform movement in the antebellum period that was organized by feminist leaders and was modeled on the declaration of independence. This convection campaigned against slavery, called for suffrage, reformation of all inequalities and sought to incorporate equal rights as part of the definition of freedom. Abolitionism generally advocated for reforms from many perspectives including from the religious basis where it fueled the Second Great Awakening and from the secular basis where it endorsed individualism. Abolitionism also demanded for abolition of slavery just as did William Lloyd Garrison’s newspaper, The Liberator.ORDER PLAGIARISM FREE PAPER


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