Critical paper on philosophers: A critique essay on Descartes

Published under category: Writing Ideas | 2015-01-14 12:40:19 UTC

Context: Criticism in philosophy

Philosophy is a wide field that is transcendent in academia. Students in all disciplines will at one time or another be asked to critique a philosopher in an essay. A critique cannot be a research paper or a dissertation. Most critiques will be an argumentative essay or a simple essay highlighting weaknesses and strengths of philosophy of an outspoken philosopher. College critiques of philosophers and university critiques of philosophers are much more thorough than high school critique essays. Historical figures such as Hume, Kant, Leibniz, Locke, Mill, Adam Smith, Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Hobbes, Aquinas, and many others will most likely be the focus of the essay. This particular discussion is a guide to a critique essay on Descartes. The fundamental prerequisite for the writer is the fact that a critique paper is different from other critiques that are a documentation of philosophy by certain figures. For example, Kant wrote two books known as critiques: “The Critique of Practical Reason” and “The Critique of Pure Reason”. These critiques are comprehensive philosophies based on reason, but are not essays purely attacking another philosophy. A paper critique on a philosopher targets the philosopher’s methodology or a certain proposition in the philosophy. The format of a critique depends on the instructions in the assignment by your professor. This page will explore Descartes and highlight points that a custom essay writer might use in a critique of Descartes. A critique of Rene Descartes will follow a comprehensive exploration of fundamentals of philosophy, particularly epistemology. Empiricism and rationalism are two polarized approaches to epistemology. Both concepts define the process of acquisition of knowledge. Rationalism proposes that some knowledge is a product of reason. Reason in this case leads to deduction. In turn, the deduction represents the knowledge acquired. This process is also known as intuition. In addition, this knowledge is said to be new since it does not have any relationship with experience facilitated by natural senses. Therefore, intuition is used to generate new knowledge independent of senses. Rationalism also upholds the idea of innate knowledge and innate concepts. This concept of native ideas asserts that people are born with a preconditioned mind. Consequently, there are native concepts that influence the manner in which people interpret all knowledge, including that obtained through experience. For example, people have knowledge of numbers from experience. However, after performing intuitive operations on the numbers, they generate an answer, which represents new acquired knowledge. From performing such operations, an individual can formulate laws. You might need to write an explanation of the fundamentals of epistemology in your essay before writing your critique paper. Deduced laws and knowledge is superior to knowledge acquired from experience. However, rationalists acknowledge the existence of knowledge gained through experience, and its effects on rational judgment. On the other hand, empiricists dismiss the theory of innate knowledge or ideas. To empiricists, knowledge comes after experience. This proposition argues that all knowledge is a result of experience of human senses, and the subsequent synthesis of experience by the human mind and sense perception are inseparable. Empiricists also acknowledge the ability of the mind to make synthesis of observed events. However, the resulting information at the end of synthesis is considered a part of experience. Therefore, empiricists reject the theory of innate ideas and preconditioned minds. One of the philosophers known for laying foundation to the fundamental reasoning behind rationalism is René Descartes. He advocates for discovery of the extent of truth through judgment. Descartes discredits the notion that human senses have the ability to detect objects that truly exists. He claims that it is possible to have all existence because of perception rather than reality. Explaining Descartes’ position on innate knowledge in your academic paper or essay and critique of the blank slate. According to Descartes, an individual’s perception of the universe is facilitated by rational synthesis of innate ideas. For Descartes, all things experienced through human senses are to be doubted, as they are products of human mind’s perception. The mind, or the ability of humans to reason, is the only aspect of existence that is certain, since without it even the very first experience on which to base thoughts cannot be perceived. For Descartes, there must be innate concepts through which to perceive objects that are experienced. Furthermore, Descartes argues that innate concepts are superior to empirical observations since it is through these concepts that humans can perceive, and hence experience. Descartes does not completely deny the possibility of real existence of the perceptions of the senses, but casts doubt over the tendency of humans to consider sense perception an absolute truth. The major concept underlying Descartes theory is that all existence and experience is a result of intuition. Humans can only be certain of their ability to perceive, but can never be assured of knowing the truth. Your critique essay can examine fundamental weaknesses in Descartes’ arguments. Descartes position has a weakness regarding the certainty of experience. He advocates for inherent doubt of all experiences. However, he seeks to make an exception of the existence of the mind. This theory is partially valid argument since humans cannot ascertain whether the experiences of their senses are mere perceptions or physical realities. However, if doubt is to be cast on everything that is perceived through senses, then the fundamental concepts through which humans reason must also be doubted. This characteristic of Descartes argument makes his rationalist approach degenerative. He does not account for his exemption of the mind from objects that must be doubted. The only reason articulated for this exemption by Descartes is the need to have a point from which to perceive. However, Descartes fails to acknowledge that according to his theory, it is possible for the mind not to exist at all. If one were to doubt existence of everything in the perceived form, it is possible that real objects generate the mind, and form of which is not discernible. In the event that the mind itself does not exist, the real nature of objects that generate the mind cannot be established. There are of custom writing websites that will offer to write your philosophy paper. It is however important that you paper be of high quality especially if you are in university or college. High school essays must also be thorough. To have a high quality custom critique or philosophy paper written for you, register and order you paper at Excellence is yours. ORDER PLAGIARISM FREE PAPER


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